Offset Rod: 1 no. Pencils are used to note measurements on the 100-meter tape. It is 66 feet long and divided into 16 links.

Offset Rods. What is chain surveying Pegs. Range Rod (Ranging Rod). Clinometer: 1 no. Disadvantages Of Chain Surveying. Cross staff. Sometimes a special joint or a tally marker is attached every 5 metres. Direct Ranging 2. Surveying equipment is being used under most stressful conditions. The equipment used in chain surveying are cheap. Types of Chain. Plumb bob. Cross staff or optical square. In the chain survey, only measurements are taken in the field, and the rest work, such as plotting calculation, etc. Chain or Tape. Wooden pegs. Offset Rods.

Equipment for Chain Surveying. The best tringle is the Equilateral tringle for the chain survey. The links of chain is made up of steel and handle is made up of brass. 1 A chain It derives its name from the fact that the principle equipment commonly used is Gunters chain or surveyors chain 4. Metric chain: In surveying 5,10,20 and 30-meter chain used; Gunter chain: For surveying purpose 66 feet chain used; Engineers Chain: 100 feet chain used for surveying purposes; Revenue chain: 33 feet Revenue chain is used for distance measurement in feet or inches for small areas. This method is generally known as chain surveying because the principle instrument or equipment used in this method is the chain. 1)Chain: Chain is the most basic and vital instrument used for chain surveying. Equipment used in chain surveying. In Chain Surveying most commonly used instrument is Chain, Tape, Arrows, Pegs, Plumb bob, Cross staff, Offset rod, Line Ranger, Whites, etc. Ranging Rod. The measurements in chain surveying are linear- angular measurements are not considered. Moreover, it provides fairly accurate result provided that the work is conducted carefully. Chain surveying is suitable for small areas with few details. Tools and equipments required include chain, tape, ranging rod, arrows and, sometimes, a cross staff. A chain (see Fig. Chain and tape are easy to use and anyone can use once they are given some basic training. Instruments used in Chain Survey. Advantages Of Chain Surveying. Metric chains 2. Chain surveys can be easily done by a few men to survey.

The chain is made up of steel wire which is divided into links and togs (rings) to facilitate folding. As a measurement unit, it can sometimes be used. Equipment used for chain surveying: Tapes, Ranging rods, Arrows/Marker paint, Prism Square, Prismatic Compass Booking Equipment Needed In Chain Surveying. Arrows. Disadvantages of Chain Surveying: There are various disadvantages of using chain surveying in field those are. 2. 3. Hammer. Indirect Ranging. Each link is 2.0625 feet long. The equipment used in chain survey can easily be replaced. A Chain is comprised of straight steel links with hooks at the end, which are interconnected by three steel rings. It is commonly used on fairly level open land. Advantages of Dumpy Level Survey. It is sometimes used as a unit of measurement; It has brass handles at both ends for easy handling. Metallic Tape (15 m) 1 no. A cross staff is an instrument that provides one pair of line of sight Primary and secondary chains and pencils are enough equipment to perform simple chain survey. Plumbing Fork and Bob. The ground measures with a chain or tape measure over a series of straight lines and all fixed points are measured at right angles or by tie-lines. Arrows: 10 no. (iii) About one dozen ranging rods (the actual number depends upon the extent of survey). It is useful only where there are no obstacles, such as a plain ground. The chain is made up of steel wire which is divided into links and togs (rings) to facilitate folding. The chain surveying is the most commonly used surveying for quick and short measurements. As follows. Chain. Chain survey is suitable for the survey of areas that are fairly flat and small areas with simple details. The following 15 types of equipment are required for conducting chain survey . This method does not involve complicated mathematical calculation. Chain surveying is the branch of surveying in which linear measurements are made in the field, usually suitable for the survey of small areas with simple details and an area that is fairly flat, it derives its name from the fact that the most commonly used instrument in the chain. Plumbing Fork and Bob help to attain the levelling, centering and orientation of the plane table.

(iv) An offset rod.

What is Chain Surveying in Civil Engineering? Line used in Chain Surveying Base line Check line Tie line. For example measuring rods can be replaced with measuring tape.

#1. It is used to measure the required lengths of horizontal distances on the field. 1.1 Chain and Tape.

Tape. There are two major types of stations in chain surveying: 1. Main stations Main stations are the end of lines that determine the boundary of the surveying. 2. Tie (Subsidiary) Stations Metric surveying chains. Type of Ranging 1. A simple chain survey cannot be conducted in built up areas. Code signals of ranging. The equipment is exposed to extreme weather conditions, used in dusty construction areas and is subject to bumpy transportation. Metric chain; Arrows ; Metallic tape ; Ranging rods ; Offset rod ; Clinometer; Plum bob with thread. There The equipment used to do chain research is easy to use. This is suitable for the survey of small areas with simple details and an area that is fairly flat. Ranging Rods: 3 no. Chain surveying is the process of surveying a given piece of land using linear measurements only. The dumpy level is a widely used surveying instrument in surveying. no angular measurements are made. Plumbing fork and plumb bob consist of a upper and lower arm. Engineers chain 5. Disadvantages of Chain survey. Line measuring equipment e.g. Mallet. A chain survey team usually needs three people. Hammer. The equipment required in chain surveying includes the following: (i) A chain with a set of ten arrows.

Field book; Good pencil; Pen knife; Eraser(rubber) Equipment used in chain surveying. Types Of Chains Used In Surveying 1. Chain surveying Chain & ranging rod. Chain survey is simplest and commonest method used in surveying exercises. Revenue chain The chain, the steel band and tapes. Revenue chain: - This chain is mainly used during cadastral survey (The survey in which determination of land boundaries and area takes place is called cadastral or land survey). It is a simple method of surveying. I know this is the relief to those who are afraid of mathematics The equipment used in the chain research can be easily replaced. Pegs. 2. Chain (Tape) surveying is the simplest form of detail surveying. 1. Chain, 20m or 30m long. Arrows (Arrows in Surveying). It gets its name from the fact that the chain is the most widely used piece of equipment. 15 Equipment For Chain Survey. Usually, a chain has a total length of 20 metres, including one handle at each end. As you are about to execute chain surveying so chain is the requisite tool that is a must. The upper arm has a pointer fixed at the end. Links and rings of steel wire form a chain that folds. Chain. Here only linear measurements are made i.e. 5. This is most suitably adapted to small plane areas with very few details. Commonly used in industrial and commercial applications, roller chain sprockets transmit force to chains by engaging the rollers in the chain, where the teeth fit between the inside plates of the chain. 1) is made up of connected steel segments, or links, which each measure 20 cm.

This is appropriate for surveying small areas with clear details and a relatively flat area. This method is time consuming. To determine relative distance among different locations of a surveying land. Chain . Station used in Chain Surveying Main Station Subsidiary Station. It is sometimes used as a unit of measurement; It has brass handles at both ends for easy handling. Ranging rods. Prismatic compass withstand. Metric Chain (20 m) 1 no. How long is a chain in surveying? The dumpy level is mainly used in surveying for the following purposes: To determine relative height and distance among different locations of a surveying land.

Uses and Applications of Chain Surveying. What is a primary chain? Fig. Chain surveying method occurs in other aspects of surveying, hence a good knowledge of chain surveying is very vital in surveying as a whole. elementary surveying equipment,Instruments used in Surveying , Instruments used in Chain Survey Chain used for , chain surveying and its equipments , Instruments used for The term taping can also be used for measurements with a tape. The surveyor inspects the area to be surveyed, survey or prepares index sketch or key plan. A chain is made up of steel or galvanized mild steel wire which is divided into straight links and tags (rings) to facilitate folding and for ease in storage. Wooden or Iron Pegs. The whole process of plane table surveying depends on the setup of the plane table in the right position. The equipment used to conduct chain survey are simple to use, The equipment used in chain survey can easily be replaced. If carefully done, it gives quite accurate results. Steel band or Band chain 3. Primary chains are the lines that connect two points on Instruments Used in Chain Surveying (Survey Instruments) What Instruments are Used in Chain Surveying? are done in the office. The various instrument used for the determination of the length of the line by chaining are as follows . The tools used in chain surveying can be easily changed as needed. The ends of each link are bent into a loop hand connected together by means of three oral rings. For example, measuring rods and measuring tape can be replaced. Chain or Tape-

It has a booker, a leader, and a follower. Chain surveying is a form of surveying that only takes linear measurements in the field.

The link Plumb bob. Equipment used in Chain Surveying. What are the instruments used for a chain surveying? The chain survey is the whole are survey is divied into a network of triangles and the sides of the several triangles are measured quickly in the field with chain or tape. (ii) A metallic tape 20 m or 30 m in length. Chain research is a simple and common method used in exercise surveying.

In this method, the lengths of lines marked on the field are measured, while the details are measured by offsets and ties from these lines. Cross-Staff. It has been superseded by the steel tape and electronic equipment. 1. Roller Chain Sprockets. Walk the whole area and thoroughly examine the ground, note the position of boundaries, road, and river etc., various difficulties to chain lines, select stations, and prepare neat sketches called index sketches or key plan. Chains or tapes are used to measure distances on the field. Equipment Used In Chain Surveying, Surveying Chain, Types of Chain- Revenue chain, Gunters chain, Engineers chain, Metric chain, Suitability of Chain, Unsuitability of Chain, Units of Measurement, Tapes- Cloth or Linen Tape, Metallic Tape, Steel Tape, Invar Tape, Pegs, Arrows, Ranging rods, Offset rods, Plumb bob, Clinometer, Cross-staff, Optical Square, Prism Square, Marking stations. The equipment used in chain survey can easily be replaced. A simple chain survey cannot be conducted in built up areas. Chain survey becomes a more complicated method when there are raised points in between areas to be surveyed. Metric surveying chain; Tapes; Arrows; Pegs; Ranging rods; Offset rods; Plasterers laths and whites; Plumb bob. The tools used to do chain surveying are easy to use.